Planning and policy
7. Havana March 2009 technical workshop on integrating practices, tools and systems for climate risk assessment and management and disaster risk reduction strategies into national policies and programmes
9.MCCIP Report UK 2007 10. GUIDE How to integrate climate change adaptation strategies into local government (se 11. EU Action against Climate Change - Adapting to Climate Change
The Partnership for European Environmental Research (PEER) has published a report comparing the national adaptation strategies across the EU. The report – ‘Europe adapts to climate change: comparing national adaptation strategies’ – gives an overview of the current strategies, provides suggestions for the next steps, and
identifies priority areas.
ALM is an Inter-Agency Global Knowledge Platform for pooling and vetting information on climate change adaptation initiatives at the regional, national and local level. ALM seeks to provide easily accessible country specific information on climate change scenarios, examples of impact assessments, strategies and/or programs/projects on low-carbon/adaptation as well as details of lessons-learned from around the world. The platform also features practical guidance and good practices on adaptation as contributed by practitioners from the field.
ALM will continue to actively promote a community of practice around climate change adaptation including Government representatives, Civil Society Organizations, Media, the private sector as well as staff from UN agencies. The ALM is linked to existing climate networks such as AfricaAdapt, Adaptnet, Eldis, wikiADAPT, the World Bank Climate Change Portal, among others.
Some considerations for local authorities within this document are:
Does local planning take account of the increased risk of natural disasters such as fires, flash floods, landslides and heat waves? Are contingency plans, including evacuation plans, in place?
Are local planning and building regulations adequately addressing increased flood risks in identified flood zones?
Are road surfaces able to cope with greater heat and more flooding?
Do medical staffing plans for the summer take into account the potential for heatwaves?
And are contingency plans in place to protect the elderly and other vulnerable groups during heatwaves, such as ‘cooling centres’ where they can escape the heat?
Are public transport and riverside dwellings adequately insulated against floods? Is transport infrastructure climate-proof?
Is the electricity grid equipped to handle additional demand, for example during longer, hotter summers? Is there an information campaign to encourage citizens to waste less electricity and water?
A “Planning for Climate Change Workshop” was piloted in two locations in March 2009 in Washington State, USA. The Workshop was designed primarily for shoreline planners and primarily focused on actions that can be taken to prepare and adapt to the anticipated impacts of climate change. Workshop materials, including class materials, links to climate training resources, lessons learned, and streaming video/powerpoint presentations, are available from the link above.
This report shows that the inclusion of climate change mitigation and adaptation in general governmental programmes and strategies has substantially increased in recent years. Much more will be needed than hitherto, however, in terms of integrating climate into specific measures. Annual budgets, impact assessments and spatial planning are three examples of existing measures with significant potential to be climate policy instruments. In order to be efficient, the integration of both mitigation and adaptation aims would in the future need to recognize the interconnections between multiple governance levels, from
the local to the international.
The 2009 California Climate Adaptation Strategy Discussion Draft summarises the latest science on how climate change could impact the state, and provides recommendations on how to manage against those threats in seven sector areas: public health, biodiversity and habitat, ocean and coastal resources, water management, agriculture, forestry, and transportation and energy infrastructure.
The report entitled “Good Morning, America! The Explosive U.S. Awakening to the Need for Adaptation” provides an historical overview of the public, political, and scientific concern with adaptation in the US and identifies a number of barriers to basic adaptation planning and more ambitious policy developments. Recommendations are provided.
8. Havana March 2009 technical workshop on integrating practices, tools and systems for climate risk assessment and management and disaster risk reduction strategies into national policies and programmes
Discussions at the workshop focused on practical tools and systems, good practice and successful examples, opportunities and barriers. The document includes a summary of the key discussion points, including the main challenges in integrating risk assessment and management and risk reduction strategies into national policies and programmes, as well as recommendations and issues for follow-up and further consideration. The workshop report may be considered by the 33rd session of Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 33) as part of its consideration of the outputs from activities completed prior to that session, with a view to reviewing the results of the implementation of the Nairobi Work Programme.
Adapting to Coastal Climate Change – A Guidebook for Development Planners was published by the Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island and USAID. May 2009.
9. MCCIP Report UK 2007-8 10. GUIDE How to integrate climate change adaptation strategies into local government 11. EU Action against Climate Change - Adapting to Climate Change